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Mar 14, 2011

09 Was it God that made the Egyptian king stubborn

Exodus vs 1 Samuel
           In the Old Testament Book of Exodus:
           God hardened the Egyptian king’s heart.

Uh wait a sec!

The Old Testament book 1 Samuel talks as if:
The king hardened his own

In Exodus God willed the king to be stubborn 

Exodus 4:21 I [Lord] will make the king stubborn, and he will not let the people go. 

Exodus 7:3 I will make the king stubborn, and he will not listen to you, no matter how many terrifying things I do in Egypt

Exodus 8:8 The king called for Moses and Aaron and said, "Pray to the Lord to take away these frogs, and I will let your people go, so that they can offer sacrifices to the Lord." ... 13 The Lord did as Moses asked, and the frogs in the houses, the courtyards, and the fields died. ... 15 When the king saw that the frogs were dead, he became stubborn again and, just as the Lord had said, the king would not listen to Moses and Aaron.

Later 1 Samuel blamed the king as though he had a natural stubborn streak

1 Samuel 6:6 Why should you be stubborn, as the king of Egypt and the Egyptians were?

Recap: God cursed Pharaoh and made him stubborn. He had simply been put under a divine hex, and the texts didn't say he had a natural stubborn steak. So it’s odd for 1 Samuel to compare the people with a king that was put under a divine spell. It's strange that it simply blamed the king. 

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